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Glossary of Terms Freedom Seeds

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

If you're new to cannabis or just a little unsure on some of the terminology - you've found the right place.

We've put this page together to explain some of the terms that you may find when surfing this website.

Click on the links below to jump to the corresponding explanation or work your way from the top.

Autoflowering
Award Winners
CBD
CBN
Feminised Seeds
Flowering Time
Genetics
Height
Hybrids
Indica
Indoor Seeds
Landrace
Medicinal Strains
Mixed Pack Seeds
Outdoor Harvest
Outdoor Seeds
Photoperiod
Regular Seeds
Ruderalis
Sativa
Seed Bank
Strong Strains
Terpenes
THC
Yield

Autoflowering

Autoflowering varieties contain genetic traits derived from the cannabis ruderalis family and, unlike photoperiod plants, are not reliant on the light and dark periods of the day to commence the flowering cycle.

Most Auto strains finish very quickly (around 60 days from seed). Its short life cycle and small size make it very discreet and an excellent choice for beginners. Autos can be as short as 30-40cm tall, but recent developments have seen plants reach heights of well over a metre.


Award Winners

There are many cannabis awards given out by different organisations, with the majority of the more high profile awards taking place in the US and Europe. The most famous of which is probably the The High Times Cannabis Cup. Cannabis strains grown by various breeders are judged by an expert panel who have a wealth of knowledge in the field. Other examples being: The Spannabis Champions Cup, The Highlife Cup, Medical Cups; Sativa Cups, Hemp Awards, Glass Cups, 420 Product Cups, as well as many more. The list of Cannabis Cup winners is like a who´s who of the international cannabis industry.


CBD

Along with THC and CBN, CBD is one of the main cannibinoids found in cannabis plants. CBD (cannabidiol) increases some of the effects of THC and decreases other effects of THC. High levels of CBD and low levels of THC contribute to a strong, clear headed, more energetic high.

For more details on this read our CBD In Cannabis - Medical Help Or Marketing Hype? blog post.


CBN

Along with THC and CBD, CBN is one of the main cannibinoids found in Cannabis plants. CBN (cannabinol) is produced as THC ages and breaks down, this process is known as oxidisation. Increased levels of CBN tend to alter the effects of the THC.


Feminised Seeds

Feminised seeds will only produce female plants. Feminised cannabis seeds were first developed by Dutch Passion back in 1998. Having discovered that pollen from male flowers on female plants could be used to produce female-only plants they set about developing strains that would give home cultivators much greater ease of growing.


Flowering Time

There are distinct growth cycles in the life of a cannabis plant. Germination and seedling phases are followed by the vegetative growth period. However, once the plant starts to produce flowers it has moved into its flowering cycle.


Genetics

The genes inherited from parent plants. Genetic makeup is the most important factor dictating vigour and potency. Seedbanks and breeders try to combine the best genetic traits of various plants by crossing different strains together.


Height

A plant’s height is primarily dictated by its genetic make up. However, it can also be affected by a myriad of other factors; such as temperature, plant pot size, pruning, and nutrient/feeding regime.


Hybrids

An offspring derived from two plants of different breeds, variety, or genetic make-up.


Indica

There are three different varieties of cannabis: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis.

Indica plants originated in the Hindu Kush areas of Central Asia, where the weather is changeable and growing conditions can be harsh. Hardy plants, they mature early and are characterised by broad, short leaves and heavy, tight flowers. Indica varieties are ideal for indoor and outdoor cultivation in Europe.

To find out more about this be sure to visit our indica vs sativa blog post where we explain the differences between the two varieties.


Indoor Seeds

Strains of cannabis that have been specifically developed to grow well under artificial lights and in a controlled indoor grow setup.


Landrace

Landrace refers to a variety of plant which has developed naturally within its own environment. In general, these strains are a lot hardier than genetically modified strains and are better able to cope with disease, pests and mould. Much can be taken from these varieties in the continued genetic development of cannabis strains.


Medicinal Strains

Much has been written about the continued studies to determine the medicinal properties of the cannabis plants. Several states in the U.S. have now allowed the use of medical marijuana for a range of conditions and ailments. As a general rule, the higher the level of CBD in a strain, the greater its medicinal value.


Mixed Pack Seeds

Most seedbanks now offer mixed seed packs for sale. The content of each seed pack is determined by the seed bank selling it, however the contents of each pack will be clearly indicated on the pack. It is common for the seed banks to include all-indicas or all-sativas in their mixed seed packs.


Outdoor Harvest

A harvest that is taken from a plant that has been grown outdoors. Our seeds will often display an Outdoor Harvest date on the product page. This refers to the likely time of year that the seed would be ready for harvest based on an outdoors grow. Typically, the yield from an outdoor harvest will be greater than the same plant grown indoors.


Outdoor Seeds

Strains of cannabis that have been specifically developed to grow well in an outdoor environment. These plants are usually hardier than plants designed to be grown indoors, and also have an increased resistance to disease, pests and mould.


Photoperiod

Photoperiod plants differ from the Autoflowering strains in that they rely on the light and dark periods of the day to trigger the start of the flowering period of the plants development.


Regular Seeds

Regular seeds have not gone through the feminisation process as described in the Feminised Seeds section. Therefore there is a 50% chance that the seed will develop into a female plant.


Ruderalis

There are three different varieties of cannabis: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis.

Ruderalis is a variety of cannabis that grows wild in parts of Eastern Europe and Russia. Ruderalis is ideal for cultivation in cooler climates with changeable conditions. It is characterised by its early flowering, with some plants starting irrespective of the photoperiod – making it the basis for the autoflowering strains we see today. There are hybrid varieties available that combine ruderalis with sativa and indica.


Sativa

There are three different varieties of cannabis: cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis.

Cannabis sativa plants are characterised by long thin flowers and spiky leaves. They originate from equatorial regions where the growing season is hotter. They are not generally used for outdoor cultivation in colder, damper climates, although some hybrids can produce reasonable yields in these conditions.

To find out more about this be sure to visit our indica vs sativa blog post where we explain the differences between the two varieties.


Seed Bank

Companies which produce their own cannabis strains and seeds, such as Green House or Barney’s Farm, are commonly known as seed banks.


Strong Strains

When we refer to “Strong Strains” we are referring to plants with the potential to contain a higher than average level of THC.


Terpenes

Terpenes are a class of organic hydrocarbons produced by plants - we detect them with our sense of smell. Hydrocarbons are one of the primary building block of any plant resin. Part of their “essential oils,” contributing to the aroma, flavour and colours. Each cannabis strain has a unique terpenoid profile. Some terpenes will dominate while others will only be evident in trace amounts.

Read our blog post on cannabis and terpenes to find out more.


THC

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary cannibinoid and psychoactive compound found in Cannabis plants.


Yield

The amount of crop weight that is taken from any given harvested plant. Figures quoted on our site are taken directly from the seed banks, and this figure usually relates to plants that have been grown in perfect conditions by expert gardeners who have years of cultivation experience.