FREEDOM SEEDS GLOSSARY OF TERMS

If you’re new to cannabis or just a little unsure on some of the terminology – you’ve found the right place.

We’ve put this page together to explain some of the terms that you may find when surfing this website.

Click on the links below to jump to the corresponding explanation or work your way from the top.

Autoflowering varieties contain genetic traits derived from the cannabis ruderalis family and, unlike photoperiod plants, are not reliant on the light and dark periods of the day to commence the flowering cycle.

Most Auto strains finish very quickly (around 60 days from seed). Its short life cycle and small size make it very discreet and an excellent choice for beginners. Autos can be as short as 30-40cm tall, but recent developments have seen plants reach heights of well over a metre.

There are many cannabis awards given out by different organisations, with the majority of the more high profile awards taking place in the US and Europe. The most famous of which is probably the The High Times Cannabis Cup. Cannabis strains grown by various breeders are judged by an expert panel who have a wealth of knowledge in the field. Other examples being: The Spannabis Champions Cup, The Highlife Cup, Medical Cups; Sativa Cups, Hemp Awards, Glass Cups, 420 Product Cups, as well as many more. The list of Cannabis Cup winners is like a who´s who of the international cannabis industry.

Along with THC and CBN, CBD is one of the main cannibinoids found in cannabis plants. CBD (cannabidiol) increases some of the effects of THC and decreases other effects of THC. High levels of CBD and low levels of THC contribute to a strong, clear headed, more energetic high.

For more details on this read our CBD In Cannabis – Medical Help Or Marketing Hype? blog post.

Along with THC and CBD, CBN is one of the main cannibinoids found in Cannabis plants. CBN (cannabinol) is produced as THC ages and breaks down, this process is known as oxidisation. Increased levels of CBN tend to alter the effects of the THC.

Feminised seeds will only produce female plants. Feminised cannabis seeds were first developed by Dutch Passion back in 1998. Having discovered that pollen from male flowers on female plants could be used to produce female-only plants they set about developing strains that would give home cultivators much greater ease of growing.

There are distinct growth cycles in the life of a cannabis plant. Germination and seedling phases are followed by the vegetative growth period. However, once the plant starts to produce flowers it has moved into its flowering cycle.

The genes inherited from parent plants. Genetic makeup is the most important factor dictating vigour and potency. Seedbanks and breeders try to combine the best genetic traits of various plants by crossing different strains together.

A plant’s height is primarily dictated by its genetic make up. However, it can also be affected by a myriad of other factors; such as temperature, plant pot size, pruning, and nutrient/feeding regime.